Monday, 7 December 2009

Mir Chakar Khan Rind - A Warrior Hero Of Baluchistan & Punjab Provinces of Pakistan

By Sikander Hayat


The areas comprising the state of Pakistan have a rich history and are steeped in the traditions of martial kind. Tribes which are the foundation stone of Pakistan come from all ethnic groups of Pakistan either they be Sindhi, Balochi, Pathan or Punjabi. One of these men of war & honour were Mir Chakar Khan Rind. He is probably the most famous leader coming out of Baloch ethnic group of Pakistan.
Mir Chakar Khan Rind or Chakar-i-Azam (1468 – 1565 ) was a Baloch king and ruler of Satghara in (Southern Pakistani Punjab) in the 15th century. He is considered a folk hero of the Baloch people and an important figure in the Baloch epic Hani and Sheh Mureed.

Mir Chakar lived in Sibi in the hills of Balochistan and became the head of Rind tribe at the age of 18 after the death of his father Mir Shahak Khan. Mir Chakar's kingdom was short lived because of a civil war between the Lashari and Rind tribes of Balochistan. Mir Chakar and Mir Gwaharam Khan Lashari, head of the Lashari tribe, went to war that resulted in thousands dead, including Mir Chakar's brother. For Balochis the sixteenth century was a very eventful period. They fought series of wars amongst themselves. These tribal conflicts not only caused large scale blood shed but also resulted in mass migrations to Punjab and Sindh. The war and the gallantry of the two tribe leaders continues to be a part of the Baloch peoples' history. After the "Thirty Years' War" against the Lashari Tribe, Mir Chakar left Balochistan and settled in the Punjab ( In modern day Pakistan) in 1518.

Mir Chakar Settled in Satghara ( a small town near the present day Okara District in Punjab Province of Pakistan) and gained power and respect in the area. He ruled this territory until he died in 1565. Afghan King Sher Shah Suri approached Mir Chakar to unite with him to consolidate his gains. Mir Chakar appreciated the offer but refused to help Sher Shah Suri and managed to elude Afghan armies. Under the command of his son, Mir Shahdad Khan, his forces instead joined the Mughal army of Emperor Humayun in 1555. Humayun was returning to the Indian Subcontinent after a long exile in Persia. Emperor Humayun came back, recaptured Delhi, and ousted the Suri dynasty in 1556. People who accompanied Mir Chakar to Satghara after leaving Balochistan constructed a tomb for his body.

The tomb was desecrated and its roof demolished by Maharaja Ranjit Singh who on his way to Multan had stayed in Satghara about 180 years ago.

Mir Chakar's tribe still live in southern Punjab to this day and speak the Seraiki language, they still exert considerable influence in the daily affairs of the district.

With thanks to wikipedia.

Related Posts:

1. Are Balochis Becoming A Minority In Balochistan?

2. Baloch Soldiers In Pakistan Army – A Step In The Right Direction

3. Why Gwadar Must Not Be Abandoned Like A Bastard Child Of Dictatorship?

4. Why Balochistan is Not East Pakistan?


30 comments:

  1. Mr Skiander Hayat can u Please provide me the Famly Tree of Mr. Chakar Khan Rind & pic of his son Mr. Shahdad Khan if any. on my Email. mukran4u77@yahoo.com

    Thanks & Best Regards

    ReplyDelete
  2. I liked this article, As I am from the same family but was looking for the real history of my Great Grand Paa, Mr. Mukran your email is wrong i tried to contact you on this but failed.

    contact me on ihteshamb@yahoo.com

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. i also need real family trr of baloch if any one have plz email me
      aqibjattoi#yahoo.com
      03457209793

      Delete
    2. Dear Aqib Jattoi,

      Thanks for visiting this forum. I hope that you will be able to visit again and share the history of Mir Chakar & Balochistan.

      Regards
      Sikander Hayat

      Delete
  3. could you please forward the history of his four brothers,Masti Khan Baloch,Lashar Khan Baloch and Hott Khan Baloch.Any information will be helpful.Thanks
    E-mail:hassanzhm_88@hotmail.com
    Zuhaib Hassan Mastoi
    Malaysia

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Dear Baloch brothers I am Ahmed Yaar Khan Mastoi from Mastoi Baloch tribe and i want to know about the history of MIR MASTI KHAN RIND, from which the MASTOI tribe was introduced. If any one can have any single clue about this topic the can email me on king_mastoi@hotmail.com . I will be very thankful to that person.

      Delete
    2. Assallam-u-allaikum ;
      Dear Balochs I am Ahmed Yar Khan Mastoi from Mastoi tribe I want to know about the MIR MASTI KHAN RIND from whome MASTOI tribe was introduced and seperated from RIND tribe , normally we can say that MASTOI'S are the children of respected MIR MASTI KHAN RIND. If any body have any single clue about this topic then please please email me on king_mastoi@hotmail.com or on
      yaarkhanmastoi@gmail.com
      I will be very very much thankful to that person.

      Delete
  4. Dear Rind brothers
    I am also a clan member. I am fortunate to have family tree dating back to Hazarat Abbas bin Ali till today. nowadays I live in Karachi and have lost connection to my real land Sibi,Baluchistan but have blood of great Chakar Khan in me. I will try to upload family tree some time in future.

    G A Rind Chakrani Baloch

    Ateeq Khan Rind Chakrani Baloch
    ateeqk@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. brother i m a rind baloch...and have a family tree...can i connect u on mobile for some information..my cell number is 03123096514...i m collecting history of baloch nation...if u know the name of any book on mir chakar khan rind than plz tell me about it....thanks i m waiting for ur answer....

      Delete
    2. i m aqib jattoi baloch i m serching about my family treeif u have plz emaile me
      i m from multan but basicly from fasailabad
      i have a book about baloch history
      baloch tareekh k any main by mazahr lashari

      Delete
    3. i am jattoi baloch from fsd plz i need family tree of baloch family pl give me ur mobile number
      or sms me at 03457209793

      Delete
    4. dear brothers i m rind Baloch ,Nazim khan Rind, they all come in punjab during the period of great Mir Chakar Khan rind.but now adays ,we are living in district Hafizabad village Vanike tarar mob no 03474118600

      Delete
    5. Ateeq khan i'm also a rindd baloch can u send me a family tree of rind baloch plz ... mu email iz "ehtishamhaider7@gmail.com"

      Delete
  5. Dear rind Brothers from all over the World!
    I am from Toba Tek Singh and belongs to rind baloch. we have a very big Tribe. About seven villages we have that are of Balochs. Kurai's, Hot, Rinds. They all settled here after the migration of Mir Chakar Khan Rind. We use Khan with our name. There were Family members with Mir Chakar Khan Rind. I belong to the Family of Mir Khalu Khan Rind. We belong to the family of Muslims from beginings. I have all the Shajrah of Rind Baloch connecting through Ameer Hamza with Hazrat Adam (A.S). My email ID is saleem_sikandar90@yahoo.com

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. i am jattoi baloch from fsd plz i need family tree of baloch family pl give me ur mobile number
      or sms me at 03457209793

      Delete
    2. Hello, Mr.Saleem!
      You said that you have all the Shajrah of Rind Baloch connecting through Ameer Hamza with Hazrat Adam (A.S). I'm a Rind Baloch from Islamabad and researching about Baloch history in which a family tree can play a vital role. I have Family tree till our grand father Mir Jiand Khan but I've never found Baloch family tree beyond that. If you really have that, I think you would be doing a great favor to The Baloch by sharing it. Thanx

      Delete
    3. Brother whenever u get that sijra send me on shunyamangroli@gmail.com
      I m Indian baloch a gabol..we all Indian baloch wants to know weather we belong to amir hamza or not. Please send on given adress if anyone prodive u...

      Delete
    4. Brother whenever u get that sijra send me on shunyamangroli@gmail.com
      I m Indian baloch a gabol..we all Indian baloch wants to know weather we belong to amir hamza or not. Please send on given adress if anyone prodive u...

      Delete
  6. Dear Saleem Sikander,

    Thanks for your contribution to this blog. I hope that you had the response you were looking for. I hope that you will keep coming back to this blog.

    Regards
    Sikander Hayat

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. My Shajra

      Jiand, Mir Jalal Khan, Mir Rind Khan, Mir Nautak Khan Rind, Mir Aali Khan Rind, Mir Ashraf Khan Rind, Mir Umer Khan Rind, Mir Umood Khan Rind, Mir Aad Khan Rind, Mir Jass Khan Rind, Mir Mumber Khan Rind, Mir Maqsood Khan Rind, Mir Qulas Khan Rind, Mir Bhondar Khan Rind, Mir Bah Khan Rind, Mir Raib Khan Rind, Mir Khalu Khan Rind (He migrated with Mir Chakar Khan Rind to Punjab), Mir Hussay Khan Rind, Mir Luddan Khan Rind, Mir Yaray Khan Rind, Mir Kabir Khan Rind, Mir Narang Khan Rind, Baloch Khan, Gaji Khan, Barkha Khan, Walidad Khan, Shamand Khan, Sikandar Khan, Manzoor Ahmad Khan, Saleem Sikandar Ali Khan

      Delete
  7. please ny one can tell me the family tree of mir chakar rind,,,
    luvingbaloch@yahoo.com

    ReplyDelete
  8. As Salaam Alaykum
    Mr. Ateeq Khan
    I am also a clan member of Nawab Mr. Chakar Khan Rind, untill where i knew about our clan is that we migrated to Deccan Hyderabad (India)after the fall of Mughal Empire & the last Mughal King Bahadur Shah Safar in 1857 untill then our clan members were serving on high ranks at the Mughal court they were the Wali of Farookabad after the fall of Mughal Empire they migrated to Deccan one of the worlds wealthest independent states ruled by the Nizams, though our elders met few times with our clan members from Satgarah establish by Mir Chakar Khan Rind, they do have few gifts received from them & those from Thalpur & Khairpur family Nawabs, iam looking for the pics & shijra of our clan if u can forward me if u have any i willbe thankful to you.

    Untill today we to carry the title of Khan in our Names which was bestowed to our forefather Mir Shahak Khan Amir Multan by emperor "Ghaiazuddin Balban in the year 686H"

    My Email ID is "mukram4u77@yahoo.com"

    Remember me in ur Dua's

    Thanks & Best Regards,
    Mohammed AbdulMuneem Khan

    ReplyDelete
  9. Salam dears;.
    Mera name muzammal abbas khan from Bhakkar(Punjab. me MIR CHAKAR KHAN RIND ki nasal sy hon. mjy koi bta sakta he k MIR CHAKAR KHAN RIND ki kitni olad thin. or un pr 1 kitab b likhi gai thi jo k multan sy shaye hui pr mjhy wo kitab ni mill rhi. agr koi is mamly me help kr dy to mehrbani ho gi.
    abbas6614@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  10. Im a Rind But i know nothing wiki is no help i live in the UAE as far as i know my family are the only rind living here if u could send me some info about Rind and the family tree .

    ReplyDelete
  11. And yeah my email is majid.x@hotmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  12. Rind is not a Baloch tribe, they are Alafi who participated with Hazrat Hussain against Yazid forces later they fled to sindh and were given protection by Raja Dahir Hajaj bin yousuf asked Raja Dahir to return Alafis but refused and the reason Raja Dahir was attacked by mohammad bin qasim in this attack Alafis were with Raja Dahir against Arab invaders, Mir Jalal Khan was a Nahar baloch he made confederacy consisting of Rind tribe, Lashari Tribe, Hot Tribe,and Jatoi Tribe after his death, dissolved the confederacy but retained the baloch name to their original tribes. they were not brothers as fack history is written by some Balochs if you don`t believe, please study the book ,,The Baloch Rach,,,written by Longworth Dames

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. tu anreez ne jo ham pe history likhi hi ussay sahi bol rahay ho idiot , baki historian sab ghalat ho gaye....????

      Delete
  13. Here come the history of rinds a much talked about family in baloch

    well,
    in the olden arabian books will find the name of MAKRAN,there live those people who have migrated from halab now aplol syrai.pure rinds had slaves working for theri household choas and this family roots from ameer hamza (r.a) a well known islamic personality.
    makran before now balochisan falls in subacontnent after the partiton makran became a part of pakistan now caleed balochistan.makran had its own destric before namely kich but now its changed into turbat.
    makran has a close border with iran and that area is called mand.they are the purest rinds and with only a few family names which are catogorized as follows:-
    1st catogory :- sauzai-omerzai-ferozai-maulazai-gazkandi-kanki

    2nd catogory:- ghulam shaha zai-cahlak zai-gulabi zai-shalchai-mandish-meeranzai-mazarzai-shah-hoo-zai

    3rd:- haiderzai-tahirzai-kolagi-askani-balochuk-thy are not originally from mand rather migrated from other parts of balochistan

    further more :-

    there are afew balochs in dadar and sibi which are the parts of balochistan their family names and origins are well known by them.
    in other parts of pakistan we do find baloch such as khusa-bhuti-zardari-mari-lagari-jamali.. they can be found in any parts of pakistan including balochistan.

    comming back to Rinds:-
    well for your kind information those who are not rinds are well known as BAKAL or BANYA who are GAUR (S).

    as for as MULLA FAZAL AND MULLA QASSIM ARE CONCERNED,, to be informed to all of u that they had No sons of their own ,, yes .. proven their fsamily tree expanded through one of their sisters which till date exits they are those who i have mentioned above migrated from appolo syrai to makran now balochistan...

    from:- AHDMYM SONS OF MULLA FAZAL


    crtics are most welcome dear brothers but with solid proofs

    https://www.facebook.com/ahq5243

    ReplyDelete
  14. Me belong to Mir Hoth khan son of Mir Jalal khan son of Harron khan.

    ReplyDelete
  15. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

    ReplyDelete

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